See this page in: French,
Swedish The most
documented Biblical event is the world-wide flood described in Genesis 6-9. A
number of Babylonian
documents have been discovered which describe the same flood.
The Sumerian King
List (pictured here), for example, lists kings who reigned for long
periods of time. Then a great flood came. Following the flood, Sumerian
kings ruled for much shorter periods of time. This is the same pattern
found in the Bible. Men had long life spans before the flood and shorter
life spans after the flood. The 11th tablet of the Gilgamesh Epic speaks
of an ark,
animals taken on the ark, birds sent out during the course of the flood,
the ark landing on a mountain, and a sacrifice offered after the ark
The Story of Adapa tells of a test for immortality involving food,
similar to the story of Adam and Eve in the
Garden of Eden.
Sumerian tablets record the confusion of language as we have in the
Biblical account of the Tower of
Babel (Genesis 11:1-9).
There was a golden age when all mankind spoke the same language. Speech
was then confused by the god Enki, lord of wisdom. The Babylonians had a
similar account in which the gods destroyed a temple tower and "scattered
them abroad and made strange their speech."
Other examples of extra-Biblical confirmation of Biblical events:
- Campaign into Israel by
Pharaoh Shishak (1 Kings
14:25-26), recorded on the walls of the Temple of Amun in Thebes, Egypt.
- Revolt of Moab against
Israel (2 Kings 1:1; 3:4-27),
recorded on the Mesha
- Fall of Samaria (2 Kings 17:3-6, 24; 18:9-11) to Sargon II,
king of Assyria,
as recorded on his palace walls.
- Defeat of Ashdod by
20:1), as recorded on his palace
- Campaign of the Assyrian
18:13-16), as recorded on the Taylor Prism.
- Siege of Lachish
18:14, 17), as
recorded on the Lachish reliefs.
- Assassination of Sennacherib by his own sons (2 Kings
19:37), as recorded in the annals of his son Esarhaddon.
- Fall of Nineveh
as predicted by the prophets Nahum and
recorded on the Tablet of Nabopolasar.
- Fall of Jerusalem
king of Babylon
24:10-14), as recorded in the Babylonian Chronicles.
- Captivity of Jehoiachin,
king of Judah, in
24:15-16), as recorded on the Babylonian Ration Records.
- Fall of Babylon to the Medes and Persians
5:30-31), as recorded on the Cyrus
- Freeing of captives in Babylon
the Great (Ezra
1:1-4; 6:3-4), as
recorded on the Cyrus Cylinder.
- The existence of Jesus Christ as recorded by Josephus, Suetonius,
Thallus, Pliny the Younger, the Talmud, and Lucian.
- Forcing Jews to leave
during the reign of Claudius
(A.D. 41-54) (Acts 18:2),
as recorded by Suetonius.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE SUMERIAN KING LIST (photo shown above) --
There are more than 16 fragments and one nearly complete copy of the
Sumerian King List found at different places at different times. The first
fragment was discovered in the temple library at Nippur, Iraq, at the turn
of the century and was published in 1906. The most complete copy, the
Weld-Blundell prism, was purchased on the antiquities market shortly after
World War I and is now in the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England. For a
thorough discussion of the Sumerian King List and its Biblical
implications, see "The Antediluvian Patriarchs and the Sumerian King
List," by Raul Lopez, in the CEN Technical Journal 12 (3) 1998, pp.
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Wood of Associates for Biblical
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